Transductive Reasoning


“Hi Michael, I’m sitting in a class on cognitive psychology and there is a term the professor has introduced called transductive reasoning. Here’s an example: A child hears a dog bark and then sees a train arrive. He concludes that the train comes because the dog barks. The professor told us that transductive reasoning is characteristic of children between 2 and 7 years of age. I think she could add economic and financial media blitz to her list.”

There are many to add to the list:

“Dow goes up. Economy must be improving!”

Reminds me of Pavlov. Or a little different?

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Posted in Psychology
3 comments on “Transductive Reasoning
  1. Steffen says:

    This is rather a “Cum hoc ergo propter hoc” / “Post hoc ergo propter hoc” logical fallacy than a Pavlov reflex. (Pavloc reflex is based on repeated conditioning)

    In detail: To observe “A occurred together with B” / “A occurred just before B”, and then to deduct just from this (incorrectly) “A causes B”.

    Happens all the time. Maybe one of the most common logical fallacies in human history.

  2. Raj says:

    At least in pavlov’s case, it took a few repetitions to get the dog to salivate when the bell rang. Our “dogs” need no training :)

  3. Trender says:

    “Transduction, in more simpler terms, is the “reasoning” (making sense) of a stimulus.” -from wiki

    In other words, stimulus then response.

    Broadly speaking, most of our decisions and actions are made reflexively. That is to say they follow independent of the mind! Most of our reasoning comes after just as another reflex(which is merely an imaginary standard). There is another word for this situation – ‘uncertainty’.

    One never knows until one acts!

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